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Scholastic Alpha Grammar and Compostion Flyer.pdf

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Teach English the systematic, meaningful and engaging way Scholastic TM Grammar and Composition Grades 1-5 is designed to support teachers and learners in mastering the skills and mechanics of English Grammar, Comprehension and Composition in a systematic, meaningful and engaging way. Comprehensive instruction, guidance and practice in each of the three areas ensure that learners achieve mastery in the topics studied. The result is an effective and comprehensive approach that makes teaching and learning English systematic, meaningful and engaging! COMPREHENSIVE GRAMMAR COURSE COMPREHENSION SKILLS PRACTICE TM Grammar and Composition Each unit adopts a systematic approach to make lessons effective in building grammar skills to mastery. 5 Describing Words 28 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-600-5 Let's Recall • Everything around us has a name. These names are called naming words. • Words that tell us more about naming words are called describing words. 5.1 Revising describing words 1. Underline the describing words and circle the naming words they describe in the sentences below. a. Uncle bought a new bicycle. b. The strong boy helped the old man push the cart. c. We washed the dirty dishes after dinner. d. The scary film made the children cry. 2. Match each describing word with a picture of the naming word. a. green i. b. grey ii. c. dark iii. d. yellow iv. 3. Fill in each blank with the correct describing word from the box below. thin tall short little a. In winter, the days are and the nights are long. b. David is a boy even though he eats a lot. c. The lion laughed at the mouse because it looked so weak. d. Mohini is a very girl. In fact, everyone in school is shorter than her. Take Note Describing words can tell us about the shape, size and colour of naming words. Alpha Grammar_G2_U5_Final Proof.indd 28 09/07/15 2:19 PM 34 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-600-5 A. Fill in each blank with the opposite describing word from the box below. The pictures will help you. happier bigger taller louder I am smaller than you. 1. I am than you. I am shorter than you. 2. I am than you. I am sadder than you. 3. I am than you. My music is softer than yours. 4. My music is than yours. B. Write the correct form of each describing word to show comparison. 1. long 2. strong 3. fat 4. wet 5. sad 6. difficult C. Fill in each blank with the correct describing word from the box below. The picture will help you. smaller taller bigger more playful 1. The giraffe is than the lion. 2. The cat is than the elephant. 3. The flower is than the mouse. 4. Rabbits are than sheep. Take Note For some describing words, the last letter is doubled before adding -er, e.g. thin + n + er = thinner. Alpha Grammar_G2_U5_Final Proof.indd 34 09/07/15 3:07 PM 33 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-600-5 5.4 Comparison Read the story. "Should I make this picture bigger for Grandmother?" asks Jim. "No, I want a nicer picture of your father," says Mum. "I think we should choose this one. We look happier!" says Mum. "How about this one? Dad is smiling," says Mum. "I know one where you look more beautiful!" says Jim. 1. Fill in each blank with a suitable word from the story above. a. A cat is than a mouse. b. Sudha's dress is nice but Tina's dress is . c. The view from this window is beautiful but that window's view is . 2. Underline the describing words below. Grandmother loved the picture Mum sent. "The children look taller!" she thought. "Jim's hair is curlier and Vinny looks lovelier! I thought Vera's hair would be longer by now. The only thing that is longer is Tim's moustache!" To compare naming words, we often add -r or -er to their describing words. For describing words ending in -y, we replace the -y with -ier. For longer describing words, such as beautiful or thoughtful, we add more before the describing word. We often also add than after the describing word. Who do you think are in the picture? Do you have a family picture? What did Jim offer to do? Which picture of Mum did Jim want to choose? Why did Mum choose the last picture? Alpha Grammar_G2_U5_Final Proof.indd 33 09/07/15 3:06 PM Practice exercises for meaningful application of the concept Scaffolded exercises develop learners' writing skills in a variety of genres and topics. KEY COMPOSITION SKILLS Simple definition supplements learners' understanding of each grammar concept 13 100 101 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-601-2 Composition 13.1 Paragraph A paragraph is a group of sentences that describes or explains an idea. Songkran The new year in Thailand is called Songkran. It comes at the start of summer. People celebrate with their family and friends over three days on 13, 14 and 15 April. Songkran is celebrated as a water festival. People spray water on each other to wash off the bad luck of the past year. Some people use buckets and garden hoses to drench others. Some even use elephants to spray water on passers-by! Others cover friends and family in chalk. Monks and devotees wash statues of Lord Buddha. People visit older family members and pour fragrant water over their hands as a sign of respect. They get rid of old and useless things and make new resolutions. Songkran is an occasion for everyone to greet each other, celebrate and wish for good times in the new year. Take Note A paragraph • has a title or heading. • begins with a topic sentence and ends with a concluding sentence. • contains topic words that relate to the topic. Title Topic sentence Start with a topic sentence that says what the paragraph is about. Topic words Give more details about the topic by using topic words. Concluding sentence Make a final comment on the main idea of the paragraph. Alpha Grammar_G3_U13_Final.indd 100 7/22/15 5:46 PM 13 100 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-601-2 Composition 13.1 Paragraph A paragraph is a group of sentences that describes or explains an idea. Songkran The new year in Thailand is called Songkran. It comes at the start of summer. People celebrate with their family and friends over three days on 13, 14 and 15 April. Songkran is celebrated as a water festival. People spray water on each other to wash off the bad luck of the past year. Some people use buckets and garden hoses to drench others. Some even use elephants to spray water on passers-by! Others cover friends and family in chalk. Monks and devotees wash statues of Lord Buddha. People visit older family members and pour fragrant water over their hands as a sign of respect. They get rid of old and useless things and make new resolutions. Songkran is an occasion for everyone to greet each other, celebrate and wish for good times in the new year. Take Note A paragraph • has a title or heading. • begins with a topic sentence and ends with a concluding sentence. • contains topic words that relate to the topic. Title Topic sentence Start with a topic sentence that says what the paragraph is about. Topic words Give more details about the topic by using topic words. Concluding sentence Make a final comment on the main idea of the paragraph. 12 Comprehension 76 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-600-5 12.1 Similarities and differences To understand a text better, you sometimes have to compare things in it to see how similar or different they are. This is called finding similarities and differences. Read the description. My Family My name is Anu and I live in Lucknow with my parents and younger brother. My mother's name is Anita. She is tall and has short hair. She is a pilot, but she loves painting in her spare time. My father Mohit is a banker. He enjoys playing golf. He is also a great cook. My brother Udit is six years old. He goes to school with me. He loves cricket and wants to be a fast bowler. I am eight years old and I love gardening and painting. I want to be an artist when I grow up. 1. Complete the table below with information from the text. Family member Name What I am Hobby mother playing golf and cooking me student brother 2. Tick the correct answer for each question below. The table will help you. a. Which two family members enjoy painting? i. mother and brother ii. mother and Anu b. Which two family members enjoy outdoor games? i. father and brother ii. mother and father Take Note A description • often expresses the writer's feelings. • usually uses words such as I and we. • describes and includes details about people or places. Think! In order to find similarities and differences, you can organise the information in a table and compare each row or column. Alpha Grammar_G2_U12_Final Proof.indd 76 09/07/15 3:27 PM 77 © 2016 Scholastic Education International (S) Pte Ltd ISBN 978-93-5103-600-5 3. Write down one similarity and one difference between Anu and Udit. similarity: difference: 4. From the description, find one word that means the same as each group of words below. a. flies a plane: b. works in a bank: 5. Find three describing words in the text. a. b. c. Read the table. My friends Favourite colour Favourite food Favourite sport Sam red noodles football Tim blue pizza football Eva pink pasta basketball Ryan blue noodles badminton Tanvi red pasta cricket A. Tick the correct answer for each question below. 1. How many friends like pizza? a. one b. none 2. Which friends like to play football? a. Sam and Tim b. Eva and Ryan 3. Which friends like the colour red? a. Tanvi and Sam b. Eva and Tim 4. What is common between Tim and Ryan? a. favourite food b. favourite colour B. Write the names of the two friends who like noodles. and C. Write down one difference between Sam and Tim. Alpha Grammar_G2_U12_Final Proof.indd 77 07/07/15 9:56 AM Graded exercises develop key comprehension skills and critical thinking skills. Grammar focus is introduced through a picture story, showing grammar in context Easy recall of prior topic followed by an exercise to check for readiness to learn

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